The fastest-moving animal on this planet has been revealed – and scientists say pace is not all the time influenced by measurement.
Referred to as the dracula ant, its jaws snap shut 5,000 instances sooner than the blink of a watch at 200mph.
The tiny insect is comfortably forward of the cheetah, whose document working pace is 60mph.
Researchers consider the ants, present in Africa, Australia and southeast Asia, use their quickly accelerating jaws to smash into potential prey.
Entomologist Professor Andrew Suarez, from the College of Illinois, mentioned: “Their highly effective jaws work like a mousetrap, besides the latch and spring mechanism are multi functional.
“The ants use this movement to smack different arthropods, possible gorgeous them, smashing them towards a tunnel wall or pushing them away.”
As an alternative of pushing their jaws collectively, dracula ants slide one throughout the opposite in a movement that takes 23 microseconds.
He added: “Even amongst ants that power-amplify their jaws, the dracula ants are distinctive – as a substitute of utilizing three totally different components for the spring, latch and lever arm, all three are mixed within the mandible.”
They use venom to stun their prey that are then introduced again to the colony for the larvae to feed upon.
They’re known as dracula ants after Rely Dracula, the fictional vampire, as a result of their uncommon feeding habits.
Queens and staff apply a type of “non-destructive cannablism”, which includes chewing holes into and feeding on the haemolymph, insect “blood”, of the colony’s personal pupae and larvae.
Dracula ants have been found in 1994 – and at 200mph, their jaw movement is thrice sooner than trap-jaw ants – the earlier record-holders.
The findings have been revealed within the journal Royal Society Open Science.